Providing care for a family member in need is an act of kindness, love, and loyalty.
There are many different types of family caregiver situations. You may be taking
care of an aging parent or a disabled spouse. Regardless of your particular situation,
you're facing a new role.
If you're like most family caregivers, you have no formal training on your new role,
“The Caregiver.” You probably never anticipated you'd be in this situation. You want
your loved one to have the best possible care. The good news is that you don't
have to be a superhero, to be an exceptional caregiver. With the right resources
and support, you can be the caregiver you want to be while taking good care
Suggestions for the “First Time Caregiver”
• Learn as much as you can about your family member’s diagnosis. The more
you know, the more effective you’ll be.
• Seek out other caregivers. It helps to know you’re not alone and that there
are other people going through the same experiences as you. Being able to
connect with people, will offer support and other potential resources.
• Trust your instincts. Don’t be afraid to ask questions. You know your loved
one inside and out-stick with your gut feelings.
• Encourage your loved one’s independence. Caregiving does not mean
doing everything for your loved one. Be open to new strategies, technological
advancements that allow your family member to be as independent as possible.
• Know your limits. Be open and honest about how much time you can give.
It is healthy to ask for a break. You must openly communicate with family,
friends and doctors.
Caregiving tip 1: Accept your feelings
Caregiving can trigger a multitude of different emotions. This may include anger,
fear, guilt, sadness, and grief. It's important to recognize and accept what you're
feeling, both good and bad. Don't beat yourself up over your feelings- they simply
mean you are human. Even the strongest most stoic person can suffer from
exhaustion, anxiety, anger or guilt. The important thing to consider, how you will
address these feelings. Being open and honest with friends and family will allow
you the time needed to reboot. It is okay to accept help.
Places you can turn for caregiver support include:
• Family members or friends who will listen without judgment
• Your church, temple, or other place of worship
• Caregiver support groups and Online 24/7 Caregiver Support Lines
• A therapist, social worker, or counselor
• National caregiver organizations
• Organizations specific to your family member’s illness or disability
• Take advantage of respite care services. Respite care provides a temporary
break for caregivers.
Caregiving tip 2: Don't try to do it all
Even if you’re the primary caregiver, you can’t do everything on your own. You’ll
need help from friends, family members, as well as health professionals. Getting
the help and support you need, will allow you to maintain your own health and
quality of life.
Before you can ask for help, you need to have a clear understanding of your loved
one’s needs. List all the caregiving tasks required, being as specific as possible.
Determine which activities you are able to complete. The remaining tasks may be
the ones you may need to ask others to help you with.
Asking family and friends for help
It's not always easy to ask for help. Perhaps you're afraid to impose on others or
worried that your request will be rejected. If you simply make your needs known,
you may be pleasantly surprised by the willingness of others to pitch in. Many
times, friends and family members want to contribute, but don't know how. Here
are recommendations to make it easier:
• Set aside one-on-one time to talk to the person
• Go over the list of caregiving needs or tasks you would like assistance with
• Point out areas in which they might be able to help
• Ask the person if they’d like to help, and if so, in what way
• Make sure the person understands what would be most helpful to both you
and your loved one
Family caregiving tip 3: Attend to your own needs
Caregivers often put their own needs aside. It is necessary to keep and maintain
your own medical appointments. Recognize that caregivers need to take a break,
a 15 minute walk, a lunch out with friends or attending a local support group.
Maintaining a healthy diet and establishing a physical exercise program will
promote overall physical, emotional and mental well-being.
Emotional needs of family caregivers
• Take time to relax daily and learn how to decompress when you start to feel
• Keep a journal. Write down your thoughts and feelings. This will provide
perspective and serve as a way to release your feelings and emotions.
• Talk with someone to share your thoughts and feelings. Sometimes saying
what your feeling aloud will help.
• Feed your spirit. Pray, meditate, or engage in activities that makes you
feel part of something. Find meaning in your life and in your role as a caregiver.
• Learn to recognize signs of stress or depression, and get professional help
if needed. The Mayo Clinic offers support in addressing feelings of caregiver